Abstract | Introduction | Methods | Results
Discussion | Literature | Acknowledgements | Other

This page will be more thoroughly developed in the future, but for now we’ll rely on some excellent advice taken directly from the JEI website.

On citation formatting…

“Citations should be in the appropriate MLA format at the end of the manuscript (  An example of a journal citation is as follows:  

        • Author(s). “Title of Article.” Title of Journal.  Volume. Issue (Year): pages. Medium of publication.

“Citations within the manuscript should be numbered based on when they appear in the manuscript.  For example, the first citation should have a (1) at the end of the sentence; this (1) should correspond to the first citation in the reference section.”

On where to find information for your article…

“Often, scientists cite research that is published in scientific journals. Given the complexity of these journals and their lack of public availability, [the editors of JEI] encourage students to cite textbooks, encyclopedias, and science magazines.”

“Internet sources, such as a well-documented Wikipedia articles, are acceptable. However, only 50% of the references may be internet sources. All internet sources will be assessed by the reviewers.”

Here is an example of some references used in a commentary paper related to the Blackawton Bees research article:


Aristotle 1910 History of animals. Whitefish, MT: Kessinger Publishing. (Translator, D’Arcy Thompson).

Heinrich, B. 2004 Bumblebee economics. Cambridge, MA: Harvard.

Lubbock, J. 1888 On the senses, instincts and intelligence of animals with special reference to insects. London, UK: Kegan Paul.

Journal Article

Wolf, S. & Moritz, R. F. A. 2008 Foraging distance in Bombus terrestris L. (Hymenoptera: Apidae). Apidlogie 39, 419–427.

Chittka, L. & Thomson, J. D. 1997 Sensori-motor learning and its relevance for task specialization in bumble bees. Behav. Ecol. Sociobiol. 41, 395–398. (doi:10.1007/s002650050400)


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